symptoms for aids

The first case of acquired immunodeficiency known
syndrome ( AIDS ) was held in the summer of 1981 in the United States.
Reports began to appear of Pneumoconiosis Carina and
Ketosis' sarcoma in young men , which was then
they realized they were both gay and immune . same
although the condition was known early on as AIDS,
cause and modes of transmission are not immediately
evident. The virus that causes AIDS now known in the report
infected was discovered in 1983 and taking account of several
Names . The term is now internationally accepted human
the virus of the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV). Thereafter , a new variant
were isolated from patients in West Africa with connections Transmission virus
HIV has been isolated in semen, cervical secretions ,
, The cell-free plasma , cerebrospinal fluid , tears , saliva , lymphocytes
urine and breast milk. This does not mean , however , that these
transmission fluids occurs as the concentration of virus in
the varies considerably. Including infectious are semen,
blood , and , optionally , cervical secretions . The most common mode
 transmission through sex is worldwide
reports . If it's anal or vaginal sex is not important.
Other modes of transmission are receiving
infection of the blood or blood products , donated organs and semen.
Transmission also occurs through the sharing or reuse
contaminated needles injecting drugs or therapeutic purposes
procedures , and from mother to child . streaming
mother to child in uteri and possibly at birth. Finally ,
The virus is transmitted through breast milk.
The virus is not spread by casual contact or social . health
care workers , however, can be infected by needle stick
lesions , and skin and mucous membrane exposure to infected blood or
body fluids. Prospective studies among health care workers who suffer
perchance exposure to HIV exploitive patient known
indicate a rate of 0.32 % transmission . In December 1999
Transmission of the virus
• sex
• anal and vaginal
• Contaminated needles
• Users of intravenous drug
• injuries from needles
• injections
• ➝ child Mother
• in uteri
• birth
• Breast milk
• Donation of organs / tissues
• sperm
• kidney
• the skin , bone marrow , cornea , heart valves , tendons etc.Box 10.4 The essential elements of HIV / AIDS
Prevention of new infections
• Reducing sexual transmission
Education and awareness training to life, especially young
Condom promotion
STD control , even for sex workers
partner notification
• Blood safety
HIV screening of blood transfusion
Avoid non-essential transfusions
Hiring security donors
• Interventions to reduce HIV transmission among injecting drug users
users (if any )
• Reduce mother to child transmission
antimicrobial therapy
avoidance (where safe) Breastfeeding : consider
replacement feeding or early weaning
Monitoring of HIV and AIDS
Voluntary counseling and testing
Mitigation of HIV disease
Rational approach to the management of HIV-related diseases, particularly
Appropriate preventive therapies
Mitigation of the social impact
Minimize stigma : confidentiality, protection
Caring for AIDS orphans

No comments:

Post a Comment